John 6:1 to 15
What Difference Does a Few Thousand Make?
After these things Jesus went away to the other side of the
Sea of Galilee (or Tiberias). A large crowd
followed Him, because they saw the signs which He was performing on those who
were sick. Then Jesus went up on the mountain, and there He sat down with His
disciples. Now the Passover, the feast of the Jews, was near. Therefore Jesus,
lifting up His eyes and seeing that a large crowd was coming to Him, said to
Philip, “Where are we to buy bread, so that these may eat?” This He was saying
to test him, for He Himself knew what He was intending to do. Philip answered
Him, “Two hundred denarii worth of bread is not sufficient for them, for
everyone to receive a little.” One of His disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter’s
brother, said to Him, “There is a lad here who has five barley loaves and two
fish, but what are these for so many people?” Jesus said, “Have the people sit
down.” Now there was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, in number
about five thousand. Jesus then took the loaves, and having given thanks, He
distributed to those who were seated; likewise also of the fish as much as they
wanted. When they were filled, He said to His disciples, “Gather up the leftover
fragments so that nothing will be lost.” So they gathered them up, and filled
twelve baskets with fragments from the five barley loaves which were left over
by those who had eaten. Therefore when the people saw the sign which He had
performed, they said, “This is truly the Prophet who is to come into the world.”
So Jesus, perceiving that they were intending to come and take Him by force to
make Him king, withdrew again to the mountain by Himself alone.
Now let’s pray:
Our Father in heaven, break Thou the bread of life dear
Lord to me. For Jesus’ sake, Amen.
Someone once asked Bertrand Russell, the philosopher
who spent his entire life, more or less, claiming that there was no God, and
coming up with a new philosophy, someone once said, every other month, if he
were to meet God after he had died, what would he say to God? And Bertrand
Russell said, “I would look Him in the eye and say, ‘Not enough evidence.’”
Startling, isn’t it? John, here in his gospel, is giving us evidence. He’s
giving us what he calls “signs” of the existence, the deity, the personality of
Jesus, the Son of God.
This particular story that we have before us tonight,
is the feeding of the five thousand, and actually, there are six stories.
There’s another story of the feeding of the four thousand which occurs in two of
the other gospels, but this particular story of the feeding of the five
thousand, a different incident at a different occasion, is recorded in all four
gospels. So we have six similar stories in the gospels.
The early church, you see, believed that there was
something in this story that taught us something very particular about Jesus.
Previously we saw in John chapter 5 that the whole point of John chapter 5 is
the same point in John 6: To ask the question, “Who is Jesus?” Who, in the
world, is Jesus? Jesus had healed a man on the Sabbath day and He had gone on to
say something of this order, “If you’re incensed by that, you haven’t begun to
hear the kind of things I want to tell you. You think that I’m claiming to be
equal with God? Which is what they thought. You haven’t heard the half
of it, Jesus says. And He goes on to give testimony as to His divine deeds, as
to His divine knowledge, as to His divine prerogatives, as to His divine
authority, and as to the fact that He asks for divine worship.
Now in chapter 6, we have two more signs that claim
once again, something of the deity of Jesus–the feeding of the five thousand and
the walking on the Sea of Galilee. I want us this evening to focus on Jesus and
I want us to look at the disciples and I want us to look at the multitude.
I. Jesus’ compassion.
First of all, I want us to look at Jesus. What we have here is
an illustration of the compassion of Jesus. Mark tells us that Jesus was
tired; He had been preaching and teaching and performing healing miracles. He’s
crossed the Sea of Galilee, and we’re not sure quite where, but from the
northeast section of the Sea of Galilee, crowds are beginning to follow Him.
Seeing Him with the disciples who are out on boats on the sea, they’re walking
along the shore of the Sea of Galilee making their way to the other side of the
sea. Jesus, when He gets there, climbs a mountain–it’s probably not anything
like a mountain that comes into your mind–but at least a slope of some kind; and
He sees this great throng of people coming towards Him. He’s moved with
compassion; He teaches them. No doubt, perhaps, He has been teaching and
preaching for some considerable length of time. There were no complaints about
the length of Jesus’ sermons. That may well explain why Jesus feels some kind of
obligation now to feed them. It’s a crowd in the region of five thousand men,
and women and children; so perhaps ten thousand, perhaps twelve thousand–a lot
of people. And Jesus is moved with compassion because they’re hungry. Now, they
are not starving–this is not a picture out of some African country of children
with extended stomachs and rib cages prominent, with all of the signs of
malnutrition–that’s not the scene. All they’ve done is perhaps miss a meal or
two. They could have survived; He could have sent them home. He could have said,
“It’s time to go home, now. Make your journey home. Look after yourselves.” But
He’s concerned about something as trivial, and on one level, this is trivial,
not a big issue; this is just one meal–a little bit of food to give us that
sense of comfort and well being after you’ve eaten. Are you with me? And Jesus
is concerned about that.
I was taken aback by that this week as I was thinking
about it, that something as inconsequential, something as small and trivial as
one meal, and Jesus is concerned about that. That is the kind of God we have
tonight–God who is concerned about little things. He’s concerned about food and
welfare and provision. He’s concerned about feeding this multitude; that they
would have food to eat. It’s an illustration of His compassion, but it’s also an
illustration of how Jesus will meet the smallest inconsequential things in our
lives. Maybe tonight if I were to ask for prayer requests, you’d be too
embarrassed to put up your hand and say, “You know, I didn’t have lunch today; I
haven’t eaten yet.” I can’t imagine any of these in the multitude saying
something like that, and yet, that’s the level, the extent, that’s how far Jesus
will go to meet the needs of His people. Our God is a compassionate God. There
is no limit to His compassion and His mercy and His kindness.
II. Jesus’ supremacy.
But it’s also an illustration of Jesus’ supremacy. What we have
here is a wonderful picture of the majesty of Jesus. Five thousand men, maybe
twelve thousand individuals, and Jesus feels obligated to feed them. There’s
only one boy, with five loaves and two fishes. Five barley loaves. Barley was
for poor people. This wasn’t the best kind of bread, this was just poor man’s
bread. And five fishe, maybe pickled fish. A Little lunch box, that you pack
for the children when you pack them off to school in the morning, you know, when
they carry their little lunch box with them. That’s all it is.
But what happens here is not a miracle of sharing.
O, you just have to laugh when liberals who can’t see miracles when they’re
staring them in the face, try to say to us, “What happened here was that
everybody had brought food, but the real miracle was that they shared it with
each other.” That’s not what John is saying. John is saying, that out of these
five loaves and two fish Jesus multiplied it to feed maybe twelve thousand
people. It demonstrates the divine power and majesty of Jesus. It’s a sign,
John tells us, of the transcendence of Jesus. It’s a witness to His divine
attributes. It says something of His invincible power over nature, over
creation, over bread, over atoms and molecules and forces. This is the one who
defies gravity and walks on the water. He defies disease and death. It’s a
picture of His inscrutable grandeur. It demonstrates the power of His will.
Every particle in the universe is subject to Jesus. There are no recalcitrant
forces in this universe. There are no black holes that defy His will.
Everything is subject to Him. Everything. Nothing can stand its ground against
Jesus and say to Him, “Thus far and no further.”
In Tolkien’s, The Lord of the Rings, Gandalf
stands on the stone bridge with staff in hand and says to Balrog, “You shall not
pass.” Well, this is Jesus, saying to every force in the entire universe, “I am
King, you see. My will is supreme.” Everything is subject to Him. There is
not a square inch of this entire universe over which Jesus does not say,
“Mine.” Do you see what this says. The will of God, the will of Jesus, is the
most ultimate thing in all the universe. What’s the most ultimate thing in all
the universe? It’s not some starwarsian “force be with you.” It’s not some
“inner light.” It’s not some impersonal, rationality that insures the coherence
of everything. It is the will of Jesus Christ, before whom every knee shall bow
and tongue confess that He is Lord of all. Our galaxy, the center of which is
25,000 light years from here, is a place with black holes, white dwarfs, and
neutron stars and super nova, in a sea of million degree gas. And there are
some 200 billion solar systems in our galaxy, and then there are billions of
galaxies. The mind boggles. And Jesus is Lord over every single one.
You see, what we have here is a miracle. It’s a
miracle. Now, people balk, of course, at miracles. If you assume in advance
that miracles cannot occur, you’ve got a problem here. I love that illustration
of C.S. Lewis that says, “Imagine a world that’s only two dimensional. And a
three dimensional person visits that world. He can appear in and out, he can
pass through that two dimensional world, and it will appear to that two
dimensional world as though something weird and wonderful and miraculous has
Well, the Son of God is here. The Lord of Glory is
on earth. And in the power of His world He needs only speak the word, and it is
done. “Who is He in yonder stall, at whose feet the shepherd fall. Tis the
Lord, tis the Lord, O wondrous story, tis the Lord, the King of Glory.” This is
one of His creation miracles. This is one of His miracles in which demonstrates
His sovereign power over the universe. You know what this says? It’s like a
little foretaste, not only that the King of Creation is walking the stands of
Palestine, but the King of the New Creation is here. This is just a little
glimpse, a little foretaste, that one day all the effects of the curse will be
removed and the King of Creation will transform this fallen world to become the
new creation that will be to His praise and His glory. “Even now,” Paul says,
“this creation groans and travails in birth, waiting for the manifestation of
the sons of God.” And here on this hillside, northeast of the Sea of Galilee,
there was just a little glimpse of that coming day..
III. Then, we have the disciples.
Jesus says to Phillip, “Where shall we buy bread for these
people to eat?” And in verse 6, John tells us very clearly, “He said this to
test him, because He knew in advance what He was going to do.” This question
that Jesus put to Phillip, is a question that He could put to you or to me this
evening. Where are we going to find bread for these people to eat? It’s a
question that says, is Jesus big enough, in Phillip’s mind, for this problem?
And here’s a problem, here’s an enormous problem, here’s a very real difficulty,
and is there a problem that’s too big for Jesus to handle? It’s a test.
My friends, are those worry beads working overtime in
your mind and in your heart? And you’re saying, “This is a problem that’s too
big for Jesus.” You’re saying, “There is absolutely nothing that we can do
here.” And you’ve given in and you’ve become discouraged and you’ve become
downcast and you’ve become defeatist about it. And here is Jesus, standing
before Phillip, and Andrew is doing Math 101, “200 denarii.” A denari is what a
man would earn in a day, so that’s 200 day’s worth of wages, a lot of money. It
wouldn’t be sufficient to give this crowd just a little bit to eat.
Mathematically, from our resources, this is impossible. Now, unless we appear a
little harsh on Phillip and Andrew, remember that Jesus has already performed
miracles like this. In Cana of Galilee, you remember, He had the water pots
filled with water and turned it into wine. They’ve already seen what Jesus is
able to do, and they are overlooking the very one who is standing in their midst
and asking them, “Where are we going to find enough to feed these people?”
You know, this story is like so many situations in
our life, isn’t it? And in the life of the church. A problem arises, a
difficulty arises, and we don’t have the resources to meet it. We don’t have
the wherewithal, we don’t have the gifts, we don’t have the ability, we don’t
have the financial resources, we don’t have the manpower, we don’t have the
skill; it’s a problem that’s too big for us. Exactly. And man’s extremity is
God’s opportunity. Where are we going to find sufficient to feed these people?
At the hands of Jesus, that’s the answer. A simple answer. At the hands of
Jesus. And what this passage is teaching is that there’s no problem, there is
no problem no matter what it is, that the gospel of Jesus Christ can’t deal
with. The problems of this city, the problems of the state, the problems of
this nation. Or, let’s get more personal, the problem in your home, the problem
in your marriage, the problem in your place of work. There is no problem too
big for Jesus to handle. You see, the real crisis, my friends, is our lack of
confidence and lack of faith in Jesus.
This Christmas time, as we’re hurrying to and fro
and doing all sorts of weird and wonderful things, I think Jesus wants us
sometimes just to stop and reckon on this very point: “Are you reckoning on the
power of Jesus to transform? Are you reckoning on His grandeur? Are you
reckoning on His power? Are you reckoning on His deity?”
There’s something I want us to notice here. Jesus
could have just brought bread and fish into existence. He could have snapped
His fingers and they could have appeared. Jesus could do that. And instead,
just as He had done at Cana of Galilee when they had filled the water pots with
water, so here, He takes a little boy’s lunch box, He takes five barley loaves
and some fish, and out of that multiplies it to feed the multitude.
Why? Maybe you don’t ask questions like that. Maybe
my mind is going in a different direction here, but I ask myself, “Why? Why
didn’t He just create it out of nothing?” That would be a spectacular miracle,
wouldn’t it? Why didn’t He, just out of nothing, truckloads of lavish foods,
Christmas fare. Why didn’t He do that? Do you remember that point in Lewis’
The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, after winning the battle against the
Witch, and Aslan feeds the army. And Lewis puts it like this, “How Aslan
provided food for them all, I don’t know. But somehow or other, they found
themselves all sitting on the grass to a fine, high tea at about eight
o’clock.” That is so terribly English.
When you’re trying to teach your children something,
you can do it one of two ways. You can snatch it from the child and say, “Here,
let me show you how to do this.” And you do it and hand it back. Wrong.
Guilty. What you’re supposed to do is take their little hands and gently do it
so that it appears they are doing it themselves. And you know, I think there’s
something of that here. That Jesus is saying, “Whatever you’ve got, it may be
small, it may be very, very small, but let Me take it and let Me use it and let
Me use it in a way that will astound you.”
Can we pull back from the story a moment and see a
principle here? “What can I do for Jesus? What can I do for the kingdom? I’ve
got so very little.” Actually, we’ve got a whole lot at First Presbyterian
Church, so I’m stretching the point here. But at a personal level you may be
saying, ‘I’ve got so little.” But in the hands of Jesus Christ, that “little”
can become something enormously significant. He can take what gifts He has
given you, what provisions He has given you, small as they may be, and Jesus is
saying to us, “Just give it to Me. Give it to Me, and let Me use it for My
glory.” You’ve got a little voice, and you can vocalize the words, “Jesus is
Lord. Jesus died for me.” And God can use that small, tiny little voice to
multiply His kingdom, because He does it again and again and again. That’s why
He blesses the food, I think, because it helped these disciples to see that the
first thing we need to do, with however little we’ve got, is to give
acknowledgement that it all comes form Him. That it all comes from him.
IV. And then there is the
We’re told that this multitude had come along, partly because
they had seen, verse 2, “the signs that He was doing on the sick.” And then
toward the end of the passage, “perceiving then that they were about to come and
take Him by force to make Him king, Jesus withdrew again to the mountain by
Himself.” And what they said in verse 14 was this: “This is indeed the prophet
who has come into the world.” They saw the sign. And they saw the miracle.
And they were ready to draw some conclusions, but they were the wrong
Just this past month in India, thousands of people
have been flocking to a church building in Bangalore, because a certain lady was
feeding her children chapaties, the flat bread that Indians eat, and her
daughter wouldn’t eat it because it was burnt. And she lifted the chapati, and
on the surface of this burnt chapati she saw a picture of Jesus. On a chapati.
The sovereign God of heaven and earth was trying to communicate to her, she
thought, in a burnt chapati. And she went to a parish priest, who immediately
pronounced it to be a miracle and put it in a glass cage, and thousands of
people, Hindus and Muslims, have been coming to see the picture of Jesus on a
burnt chapati. People will believe anything. They saw this miracle that Jesus
performed, but that did not signify that they had Jesus in their hearts, that
they were crowning Him as Lord and Savior, as Prophet, Priest and King.
I don’t why you are here today. Some of you might be
here because there is a crowd here. Maybe you come to First Presbyterian Church
on a Sunday morning or Sunday evening because you love to follow the crowd.
The question, my friends, for you today, and it’s the
most poignant question I can ask at Christmas time, “Are you coming because you
love Jesus, are you coming because you’ve seen Him and owned Him and confessed
Him to be your Lord and Savior?” Because I’m saying to you, don’t stop coming
to Him until you get that assurance. Let’s pray together.
Our Father in heaven, we thank You now for Your word, we
thank You for this wonderful miracle and all that it teaches us. Use our meager
talents and use them for your glory and for the extension of Your kingdom, for
Jesus’ sake, Amen.
© 2019 First Presbyterian Church.
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