John: That You May Believe- Studies in John’s Gospel (15) B’nai Abraham

Sermon by Derek Thomas on January 19, 2003

John 8:31-59

John 8:31-50
B’nai Abraham

Turn in your Bibles to the gospel of John 8:31 and we’ll be
reading through to the end of the chapter. Hear the word of God.

“Jesus therefore was saying to those Jews who had believed
Him, “If you abide in My word then you are truly disciples of Mine; and
you shall know the truth and the truth shall make you free.”

They answered Him, “We are Abraham’s offspring and have
never yet been enslaved to anyone; how is it that You say, ‘You shall become
free’?” Jesus answered them, “Truly, truly I say to you, everyone who commits
sin is the slave of sin. “The slave does not remain in the house forever; the
son does remain forever. “If therefore the Son shall make you free, you shall be
free indeed. “I know that you are Abraham’s offspring; yet you seek to kill Me,
because My word has no place in you. “I speak the things which I have seen with
My Father; therefore you also do the things which you heard from your
father.” They answered and said to Him, “Abraham is our father.” Jesus said to
them, “If you are Abraham’s children, do the deeds of Abraham. “But as it is,
you are seeking to kill Me, a man who has told you the truth, which I heard from
God; this Abraham did not do. “You are doing the deeds of your father.” They
said to Him, “We were not born of fornication; we have one Father: God.” Jesus
said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love Me, for I proceeded forth
and have come from God, for I have not even come on My own initiative, but He
sent Me. “Why do you not understand what I am saying? It is because you cannot
hear My word. You are of your father the devil, and you want to do the
desires of your father. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand
in the truth because there is no truth in him. Whenever he speaks a lie, he
speaks from his own nature, for he is a liar and the father of lies. “But
because I speak the truth, you do not believe Me. Which one of you convicts Me
of sin? If I speak the truth, why do you not believer Me? “He who is of God
hears the words of God; for this reason you do not hear them, because you
are not of God.” The Jews answered and said to Him, “Do we not say rightly that
you are a Samaritan and have a demon?” Jesus answered, “I do not have a demon;
but I honor My Father, and you dishonor Me. “But I do not seek My glory; there
is One who seeks and judges. “Truly, truly, I say to you, if anyone keeps My
word he shall never see death.” The Jews said to Him, “Now we know that You
have a demon. Abraham died and the prophets also; and You say, ‘If anyone keeps
My word, he shall never taste of death.’ “Surely You are not greater than our
father Abraham who died? The prophets died too; whom do You make Yourself out
to be?”
Jesus answered, “If I glorify Myself, My glory is nothing; it is My
Father who glorifies Me, of whom you say, ‘He is our God’; And you have not come
to know Him, but I know Him; and if I say that I do not know Him, I shall be a
liar like you, but I do know Him and keep His word. “Your father Abraham
rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad.” The Jews therefore
said to Him, “You are not yet fifty years old, and have You seen Abraham?” Jesus
said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was born, I am.”
Therefore they picked up stones to throw at Him, but Jesus hid himself and went
out of the temple.

Thus far, God’s holy and inerrant word. May He add His
blessing to the reading of it; let’s pray together.

Our Father in heaven, we ask now for Your rich blessing;
open Your word to us by Your Spirit. Teach us of the truth which is Yours. For
Jesus’ sake, we ask it. Amen.

Now Jesus was always making claims about Himself and
who He was. Claims that either rendered Him insane, of the order of a man who
claims to be a “poached egg,” C. S. Lewis once said; or else, He truly was
the Lord of glory. Christianity is all about Christ. It’s all about the person
of Jesus Christ; His person and His work–who He is; who He claims to be–and our
response to that. It’s not about morals; it’s not essentially about ethics. It’s
not a philosophy of life; it’s about our relationship to Jesus Christ. This man
who lived 2,000 years ago and some of the most extraordinary things that He ever
said are found in chapter 8 in this particular section that we are looking at
tonight. Now there are three such statements to be found here and I want to look
at all three of them not in the order they are given in the chapter.

I. Jesus claimed to be perfect.
I want us to look first of all at His claim to perfection. He
says in verse 46: “Can any of you prove Me guilty of sin?” If you have a
Bible, take it out and look at it because this is Jesus’ word and it is an
extraordinary word. Imagine you or I saying a statement like that. “Which of you
convinces me of sin?” Now perhaps we’ve said it to our spouses in a quarrel when
we’ve been adamant about our righteousness and that we are right. But you only
need to be married for a short space of time to know the folly of that stance.
But Jesus can say–think about it–the extraordinary audacity of it;
Jesus can say, “Which of you convinces Me of sin?” It comes about in this
section in a discussion that Jesus has with certain Jews in the temple
precincts. It’s after the feast is now over. It’s about the nature of truth and

What has sparked off this extraordinary statement of
Jesus is that His listeners, Jesus is saying, wouldn’t know the truth if it hit
them in the face. They weren’t capable of recognizing truth because essentially
even though they were the sons of Abraham, the b’nai Abrahamdenial. He’s blinded the eyes of his
children. But Jesus, on the other hand, never lies; He is incapable of lying
because He is impeccable. He’s whiter than white, He’s spotless; there isn’t the
faintest trace of transgression in Him. “I am the truth,” He will say. “Do you
swear to tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth?” And Jesus
is saying here, “I always do; I always tell the truth because I’m

Now this claim to perfection, this claim to
sinlessness, this claim to impeccability has two aspects to it. In the first
place, Jesus was free from actual sin; He was free from actual transgression. He
has no consciousness of sin. He never prays for forgiveness. When He teaches the
Lord’s prayer, it is the disciple’s prayer, not His prayer. He doesn’t pray the
Lord’s prayer; He doesn’t need to pray for forgiveness. He never confesses sin;
He never acknowledges shortcoming. He does exactly the Father’s will; He
fulfills all righteousness. There is no actual sin.

But more than that, there is no inherited sin. He
doesn’t inherit the guilt and corruption of Adam either. He doesn’t have a
fallen human nature. He has no capacity for sin. There is no foothold in Him
that Satan can get a hold of. There is no lust; no proclivity to sin. There is
no possibility of sin arising from within Him, from within His heart. His nature
is in no way corrupt; He is “holy and harmless and undefiled,” and separate from
sinners. His flesh was not corruptible.

It’s not that He was able not to sin; He
wasn’t even able to sin. “Which of you convinces Me of sin?” He says,
standing in the very temple precincts. It’s a very extraordinary thing. Attempts
have been made to find sin in Christ. Sometimes Jesus’ response to the
moneychangers in the temple is dragged up as evidence that Jesus may have lost
His temper in the temple precincts when He overturned the tables of the
moneychangers. But that is to misconstrue the nature of holiness. Holiness is
intolerant of wrong. Holiness doesn’t pass a blind eye to transgression.
Holiness judges; impeccability condemns. And Jesus will say again and again, “If
you are not for Me, you are against Me.” And He will utter the words of final
condemnation on the last day. “Depart from Me, ye cursed, into everlasting
fire.” Jesus is perfect. We can’t even imagine what that is, can we?

You know, Spurgeon met someone once on a train
station who came up to him and said that he was perfect. So Spurgeon stomped
his toe. The man yelled and screamed at him and Spurgeon said, “There, I told
you; there’s no such thing as perfection.” But Jesus is perfect. The Bible
records the confession of the sin and confession of David in Psalm 51, and it is
one of the most moving episodes in King David’s life. The prophet Isaiah
acknowledges that he is a man of “unclean lips” and we might have said of that
prophet as he labored in Jerusalem, that he had the cleanest lips in Israel as
he spoke of the Lord of hosts. But his own confession was, “I am a man of
unclean lips.” Job, saintly godly Job, who was known throughout the world for
his godliness, repents in dust and ashes. Augustine wrote of the carnal
corruptions of his soul. Jonathan Edwards of the eighteenth century, the finest
theologian and philosopher this land has ever known, described himself and his
own heart as “like an abyss infinitely deeper than hell.” That’s the reality,
isn’t it? You and I are sinners. We’ve transgressed; we’ve broken God’s law.
But Jesus could say, “Which of you convinces Me of sin?” I still recoil and
shudder at the arrogance of Cassius Clay or Mohammed Ali as he became known when
he would say, “I am the greatest!” The sheer arrogance of it. And yet you might
agree with him. And here is Jesus saying to a group of hostile opponents who are
ready to take His life, “Which of you can accuse Me of sin and wrongdoing?” It
is an extraordinary claim, isn’t it?

II. Jesus’ claim to divine origin.
The second claim I want us to look at is His claim to
origination. You find it in verse 58. “I tell you the truth. Before Abraham was,
I am.” Now Jesus made several claims here. One, to the effect that anyone who
believes in Him will never die, and the Jews took that in a literal, physical
sense, “If you believe in Jesus you will never die,” but Abraham himself had
died, and the prophets had died, so they don’t understand what it is that Jesus
is saying. It’s like when Jesus talks to Nicodemus, and He says, “One of the
characteristics of someone who isn’t a Christian, and isn’t born again, is that
he doesn’t understand what I’m saying.” And Nicodemus says to Jesus, “I don’t
understand what You’re saying.” And that’s exactly what’s happening here.
Jesus is saying to these Jews, something that they don’t comprehend.

Now, there may be some illusions here to a word in
Isaiah, that from ancient of days I am He, but more than likely it is a
reflection of the divine name of God, given to Moses in Exodus 3, and then
enlarged upon in subsequent chapters. Regardless of whether you think. that is
an accurate exegesis of what Jesus is saying here. “Before Abraham was I AM.”
He’s definitely referring to the divine name of God, even if He’s not referring
to the divine name. The Jews who heard Him say this regarded what He said as
blasphemy. And they took up stones to cast at Him as a mark of someone who had
blasphemed. They heard Jesus saying, “That before Abraham existed, Jesus had
existed.” He’s the divine logos, He’s the divine word, never was there a time
when Jesus was not. He was the one who led the people out of the wilderness and
into the Promised Land. There’s a self-consciousness in Jesus of His eternal
preexistence. There’s no self-consciousness of sin, but there is a
self-consciousness of His deity, of His eternal relationship with His Father in

Do you remember how Paul would expand on this theme
when he writes to the Philippians in chapter 2, speaking of Jesus, and he begins
in verse 5, “Who being in the form of God.” That is to say, possessing all of
the attributes and characteristics of deity, that before the creation of the
world, before anything else existed, Jesus had form, He had existence,
possessing all the qualities and characteristics of God Himself.

And whatever precisely Jesus was saying to these sons
of Abraham, they heard Him say something they regarded as blasphemous, because
Jesus is attributing to Himself the quality of eternity. He’s attributing to
Himself a divine quality.

You see, Jesus is more than just a moral teacher.
There’s more to Christianity than bringing your children to Sunday School
because, “They deserve it.” There’s more to Christianity than belonging to some
religious social club. It’s having a relationship with One who claimed to be
God, the only God there is. And here is Jesus making these astonishing claims of
sinlessness and that before Abraham had an existence, He had an existence
echoing the very name of God Himself in doing so.

If you or I were to say the sort of things Jesus
said, they would lock us up. They would give us a few stiff sedatives and lock
the door. They would nod their heads and say that we’re lunatics and they would
be right. So why is it that we gather together 700 or 800 people in an
auditorium on State Street in Jackson, Mississippi, on a Sunday evening to bow
down and worship this Man? Because He’s God, I tell you; because He is
divine Lord.

You see, Jesus goes on in His discussion with these
Jews to draw out some of the implications of that. One of the implications was
that He knew God and they didn’t. He knew God because He had been with Him, the
Father, from all eternity. He can describe the very character of God because He
knows Him. “But you do not know God,” He says to these Jews. Nor do they really
know Abraham either. For all their claims to being sons of Abraham, they don’t
know Abraham either because Abraham rejoiced to see My day. Do you remember on
Mount Moriah when he was offering up his son, Isaac? Do you remember the words
that he spoke to his son? They are astonishing; they take your breath away. And
there he is binding up his own son and pulling out the knife of sacrifice and
he’s still saying to himself, “God will provide the sacrifice, my son.” And yes,
there was a ram that was caught in the thicket, but the true answer to Abraham’s
vision was the words of John the Baptist, “Behold, the lamb of God that taketh
away the sins of the world.”

My friends, I cannot make it more serious than that.
There is no more serious issue tonight. It’s about whether or not you know
God; whether you know Him or you don’t know Him. We had a wonderful testimony of
adult believer’s baptism. Yes, Presbyterians believe in adult baptism, too. And
Jason is professing his faith and saying, “I know God, because I’ve come to know
Him by faith embracing His son Jesus Christ as my mediator and Lord, my prophet,
my priest, and my King. But you know, you can be as close as that to Jesus and
still not know Him–like these Jews.

Jon Krakauer wrote a book published just a few years
ago called Into Thin Air. You may have seen it in Barnes and Noble, or
whatever. It’s about the story of the attempt to climb to the peak of Mount
Everest in 1996. And you remember, many, many of those who attempted that
expedition, including two of its leaders Robert Hall and Andy Harris, died on
that mountain. And there’s a point in which Jon Krakauer, who writes the book,
had been to the peak of the mountain, and they could only stay up there for
about five minutes because they didn’t have enough oxygen. And there was
evidence all around that many of the men, including some of the leaders, were
suffering from oxygen deprivation including Andy Harris, who on the way down
from the mountain, was given an oxygen cylinder that they had left there for
this very purpose; full, unused. And Andy Harris said over and over and over
that it was empty, that they had used this oxygen, and they hadn’t. You
see, it was full. And rather than use it, he insisted it was empty and he died
on the mountain. And there are men and women that close to Jesus Christ
and the overtures of the gospel and are insisting on their own way. And
my friends, that’s how serious it is.

III. Jesus’ claim to offer freedom.
There’s a third claim that Jesus makes. It’s a claim to
liberation. You see it in verse 32, “You shall know the truth, and the truth
shall make you free.” The issue here is one of liberty, the issue here is one
of freedom, these folks were in prison and they didn’t know it. Freedom is a
beautiful word. Liberty is a beautiful word. You speak of “Liberty and justice
for all” in your Pledge of Allegiance. This is the “Land of the free and the
home of the brave,” after all. But what is Jesus talking about when He talks
about freedom?

Do you notice that the Jews actually have the
audacity to say they’ve never been in bondage to anyone, and yet, the sound of
Roman soldiers could be heard everywhere in Jerusalem. But Jesus wasn’t
talking about that kind of bondage, or that kind of tyranny. He says very
clearly what He’s talking about, because that’s what He had come to preach. His
very opening message in the gospels is a quotation from Isaiah 61, that He had
come to “preach liberty to the captives.” Whoever sins is a slave to sin,” He
says in verse 34. It’s liberty from the bondage of sin. It’s liberty from the
chains and shackles of sin and guilt, that Jesus has come to liberate us from.

Do you know where that bondage manifests itself the
most? It’s in our native inability to believe the gospel. People say, “I can
believe in Jesus any time I want.” Oh no, you cannot. No, you cannot. Do you
remember what Jesus has just said, and He’s said it twice: “No man can come unto
Me unless My Father draws Him.” You cannot come to Jesus unaided, in your own
strength, by you own native ability. Unless Jesus’ Father in heaven draws you
to Jesus Christ, you cannot come, you cannot believe, you cannot repent. That’s
where your bondage is evidenced the most, and Jesus is saying, “I’ve come to set
you free. I’ve come to show you the way out of that bondage, and the way out of
that prison”

In Nelson Mandela’s autobiography, Cry Freedom,
he’d been a prisoner, you remember for 27 years, and then became the prime
minister of the new South Africa, he talks about the day he left Robin Island
Prison. “As I finally walked through those gates to enter a car on the other
side, I felt, even at the age of 71, that my life was beginning anew. My ten
thousand days of imprisonment were at last over.”

And Jesus is saying to you and to me, I can show you
the way out of prison. You may live in northeast Jackson. You may live in a
fancy house. You may drive a BMW. You may have vacations in Europe and the
exotic parts of the world. But if you don’t know Jesus, you’re in prison.
You’re in bondage to your sin and to your guilt. And Jesus is saying to you
tonight, I can show you the way out. I can give you the key. It’s the power of
the Holy Spirit that will unlock the gate of that prison.

John Owen says, “We should know the answer to two
questions when we’re going to someone for help. Is that person willing to help
us, and is that person able to help us.” Is he willing and is he able to help

How many times have you heard people say, “If only
they could know, ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ whether Christianity was true? Whether Jesus
really did rise from the dead? If only that could be settled here and now,
tonight, once and for all.”

What do you want? What do you want me to tell you?
You want someone to speak from heaven? Someone has spoken from heaven and said,
“This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Listen to Him.” You want
someone to turn into wine? To walk on the water? Well, there’s been such a
person. You want someone to rip that red curtain from the bottom, all the way
to the top, and rip it in half? It’s been done. What do you want? What more
do you want, to know whether this is true or not? He tells us tonight, “I am
the way and the truth and the life.” Let’s pray together.

Our Father in heaven, we thank You for Your word.
We thank You especially for the Eternal Word, the Lord Jesus Christ, our Savior
and our Lord, and we pray that You would bless this word to our hearts, and
bless us in our relationships to Jesus. And for anyone here tonight who’s not a
Christian, that by the power of Your Spirit You would give them no rest until
they find that rest which is in You. Hear us, Lord, for Jesus’ sake, Amen.

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