Luke: Hated By All On Account of My Name

Sermon by J. Ligon Duncan on July 17, 2011

Luke 21:5-24

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The Lord’s Day Morning

July 17, 2011

“Hated By All On Account of My Name”

Luke 21:5-24

The Reverend Dr. J. Ligon Duncan III

If you have your Bibles, I’d invite you to turn with me to the gospel of Luke.
We’re in the twenty-first chapter as we continue our way through this
gospel together, and we’ve come to a section in Luke in which Luke records
Jesus’ teaching to His disciples about the end, about the future, about what is
to come. It’s provoked by a
conversation that Jesus overhears, to which He makes a comment, which then
causes the disciples to ask Him a question that gets Him into the issue of the

But I want to make one simple observation before we begin to read the passage
and that’s this — whenever the Bible begins to talk about prophecy, prophecy of
the future, its concern is present.
It’s not speculative; it’s about how we’re supposed to live right now.
Whenever the Bible talks about what theologians call eschatology, or the
end, its concern is ethics; it’s our behavior; it’s how we live right now.
Prophecy, Bible teaching about the future or about the end, is never
merely speculative in the Bible. It
is always practical. It is always
designed to teach us how we are to live in the here and now, how we are to serve
the Lord right now, and you’ll find that that’s the case in the passage before
us today.

It would be very interesting to go back and look at this passage from the
standpoint of the numerous, immediate, practical implications that it had for
Jesus’ disciples when they were first hearing it.
As tempting as that is for me to do though, I want to focus with you
today on three or four things that this passage says to you and me right now.
So before we read God’s Word, let’s pray and ask for His help and

This is Your Word, Lord. It’s meant
for our edification. It’s meant to
build us up and equip us for every good work.
It is Your Word and so we ask that by Your Spirit, Your Word would
accomplish Your purposes in our hearts and lives.
Open our eyes to behold wonderful truths in it.
Grant us that we would receive it as what it is, the very Word of God.
Instruct us in it and conform us to it, we ask in Jesus’ name.

This is God’s Word beginning in Luke 21 verse 5:

“And while some were
speaking of the temple, how it was adorned with noble stones and offerings, He
said, ‘As for these things that you see, the days will come when there will not
be left here one stone upon another that will not be thrown down.’
And they asked Him, ‘Teacher, when will these things be, and what will be
the sign when these things are about to take place?’
And He said, ‘See that you are not led astray.
For many will come in My name, saying, ‘I
am He!’ and ‘The time is at hand!’
Do not go after them. And when you
hear of wars and tumults, do not be terrified, for these things must first take
place, but the end will not be at once.’

Then He said to them,
‘Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom.
There will be great earthquakes, and in various places famines and
pestilences. And there will be
terrors and great signs from heaven.
But before all this they will lay their hands on you and persecute you,
delivering you up to the synagogues and prisons, and you will be brought before
kings and governors for My name’s sake.
This will be your opportunity to bear witness.
Settle it therefore in your minds not to meditate beforehand how to
answer, for I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which none of your adversaries
will be able to withstand or contradict.
You will be delivered up even by parents and brothers and relatives and
friends, and some of you they will put to death.
You will be hated by all for My name’s sake.
But not a hair of your head will perish.
By your endurance you will gain your lives.

But when you see
Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation has come near.
Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, and let those who
are inside the city depart, and let not those who are out in the country enter
it, for these are days of vengeance, to fulfill all that is written.
Alas for women who are pregnant and for those who are nursing infants in
those days! For there will be great
distress upon the earth and wrath against this people.
They will fall by the edge of the sword and be led captive among all
nations, and Jerusalem will be trampled underfoot by the Gentiles, until the
times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.’”

Amen, and thus ends this reading of God’s holy, inspired, and inerrant Word.
May He write its eternal truth upon all our hearts.

Many Christians in the world today live in situations where they face
persecution for Christ just like Jesus warns these Christians here in Luke 21
that they would face. Perhaps you
have been following the case of Yousef Nadarkhani, a thirty-two year old Iranian
Christian pastor who has been sentenced to death for converting to Christianity.
He was a Muslim who, as a teenager, came to faith in Christ and has been
serving as a pastor in Iran. And the
cases run all the way up to the Supreme Court and it’s reported that in the
decision of the Supreme Court they said that if he did not reconvert to Islam,
if he did not renounce Christ, that he would be liable for the death penalty.
That case is still pending.

Well we live in a culture that is increasingly antagonistic to the claims of the
Gospel. In our culture, there is no
one right now who’s being called up on the death penalty for being a Christian
or for converting to Christ, but we see an increasing antagonism in our own
culture against Christianity, against Christ, and against the Gospel.
Maybe you saw in the last week, an op-ed article in USA Today by a
former reporter for The Wall Street Journal, Asra Nomani, arguing that
the Internal Revenue Service ought to deny tax-exempt status to any place of
worship that holds that there are different roles for men and women.
Now she acknowledges in the article that that would be a violation of the
First Amendment that she said, “This is so important that we’re just going to
have to work around that.”

And this is actually very typical in our culture because the whole issue of the
definition of manhood and womanhood and marriage has become confused before our
very eyes in the last forty years.
In the recent debates, for instance, over the definition of marriage, those
advocating for same-sex marriage have done so on the basis that it is the right
thing to do for freedom, for equality, for justice, and fairness, and that has
meant that those who hold to a traditional or historic view of the definition of
marriage are now in the position of being enemies of freedom, equality, justice,
and fairness. And that is going to
be an increasingly difficult place for Christians who believe what the Bible
says about marriage as we live in our culture.

Perhaps you’ve followed the case of Peter Vidmar who had been appointed as the
Chief of Mission by the United States Olympic Committee for our Olympic team in
2012. And a great controversy broke
out because he is a supporter of traditional marriage.
And one of the male figure skaters who is openly homosexual, Johnny Weir,
called his appointment “disgraceful.”
He said, “How could we possibly appoint someone who believes in
traditional marriage?” He says, “I
certainly wouldn’t want to be represented by someone who is anti-gay marriage.
It’s not just about marriage, it is about being allowed equal rights as

Now, I believe that this is a position and a stance that we are going to
increasingly have to deal with in our culture, in our society, our community
now, and it is going to make Christians, if they take a stand, in business,
government, or education, it is going to make Christians, Bible-believing
Christians, persona non grata, very, very quickly if not already.
And it’s going to force us to count the cost and to decide how we’re
going to be a witness when our time of testimony comes.
And I believe that Jesus’ words in this passage actually contain for us
several very, very important truths that we need to consider regarding that
issue. Let me just point to three or
four of them this morning.

First, a reminder that Jesus gives, and you see it right out of the block in
verse 5 and 6. Then, an admonition,
an admonition that He gives in verse 8.
And then an exhortation, and that exhortation begins in verse 13.
And then a comfort, and you see that comfort in verse 18.
I’m going to look at these three or four things with you this morning.

A reminder that you are the house

The first thing is the reminder and the reminder comes in the context of the
conversation of verse 5. Look at it
with me. The disciples are looking
up at the temple mound and they’re looking at the temple building and they see
how beautiful it is. It’s a very
impressive building and they comment on how wonderful it is architecturally and
how it’s covered with precious stones and offerings are being taken.
And Jesus says to them in verse 6, “As for these things that you see, the
days will come when there will not be left here one stone upon another that will
not be thrown down.” Now, Jesus is
of course referring to the destruction of the temple which will happen within
about forty years of His speaking these words.
In A.D. 70, the temple will be destroyed.
There will be another occupation of Jerusalem in A.D. 130, about sixty
years later, that will destroy the rest of it.
What Jesus says here comes literally true within the lifetime of the
people to whom He speaks. And He’s
speaking about an event very important in the history of God’s redemption.

But I want to pause for a second and think about the implication of this for you
and me. He speaks about a building
that had uniquely served as the place where God’s people experienced His
presence and favor and He tells them that there is going to come a day when not
a stone of it is going to stand on the other.
Is that going to mean the end of the worship of God?
No. Even though the building
had been specifically appointed by God to be built?
Right, the worship of God is not going to end.
Why? Because in the end, as
special as the temple was, the temple that God is building is not made of bricks
and mortar and stone; it’s made of people.
As Peter will tell us, we are living stones being built into the temple
of God, the house of God.

And so there’s something for us in Jesus’ words that we need to remember and
it’s this — you are the house that the Lord wants to be beautiful.
You are the house that the Lord wants to be beautiful.
It’s not just that the Lord wants us to worship in a beautiful house;
it’s that you are the house that the Lord wants to be beautiful.
It’s our privilege, week after week, to worship in one of the most
beautiful buildings in all of Protestant Christendom.
You know you really do. I
doubt that there are many people who have never been anywhere else who can
adequately appreciate the simplicity and the dignity and the beauty of the room
that we gather in as our meeting house.
I love this place. And it’s
so comfortable. Oh, I know some of
you think it’s too cold, but compared to sixty years ago, you’d be glad for the
cold, I promise you!

An Admonition to be on guard

But as beautiful as this meeting house is, what your pastors and elders are
trying to do, is to make you a beautiful house for God.
You know something I often think about is — what would this building look
like if it looked like my heart? And
I think about that collectively too.
What would this building look like if it looked like our hearts and lives
collectively? I can pretty much
guarantee you that it wouldn’t look this beautiful, but our desire is, by the
sanctifying work of God’s Holy Spirit, that we would become more and more a
beautiful house of God in the way that we live individually and collectively

So I believe that Jesus’ words about the end of the temple remind us that you
are the house that the Lord wants to be beautiful.
That’s something very, very important.
We could well see a day when not one stone of this building will stand on
another because of opposition and persecution to Christ.
But even if that’s the case, if the congregation loves the Word of God,
loves the Lord Jesus Christ, has embraced the Gospel of the Word of God, then
that congregation can continue being beautiful even when not one stone of this
building stands on another. You are
the house that the Lord wants to be beautiful.
That’s the first things I want you to see and it’s a reminder that we get
when we see Jesus’ words in this passage.

But the second thing is this, and it’s an admonition — in answer to the
question, “When is this going to happen?” and “What are the signs going to be
that it’s going to happen?” if you’ll look at verses 8 and 9, Jesus responds and
He responds with an admonition. “See
that you are not led astray.” Here
is His fundamental admonition — “Don’t be deceived.
Don’t be led astray. Don’t
stumble over what’s about to happen.
Be on guard against deception.”
There’s the admonition that Jesus delivers.
And look, it’s very specific.
“For many will come in My name saying, ‘I am He!’”
So what’s that? False
messiahs, and we know from history that there were many false messiahs in this
time that attempted to lead Israel out into the wilderness.
And so Jesus says, “Don’t be deceived by false messiahs.”
We’ve already talked about the fact that Luke records for us Jesus’ words
that make it clear that it is impossible that you will miss it when He comes.
You don’t have to wonder about the certainty of Jesus’ second coming.
If you have to ask, it’s not Him, because when He comes you won’t have to
ask. You will know.
So He warns against false messiahs.

Notice what else He says. “Many will
come in My name saying, ‘The time is at hand!’
Do not go after them.” There,
He warns against the idea that the end is going to come immediately and He picks
up on this furthermore in verse 9.
“The end will not be at once,” and so He warns against the idea that His second
coming is going to be immediate. You
know, His crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension, and then there’s an
expectation that there’ll be an immediate second coming.
And He tells them ahead of time, “Don’t think that the end is going to
come quickly.”

An Admonition to not be deceived

And then third, notice here — what’s it going to be like? What’s it going to be
like after My resurrection? What’s
it going to be like after my ascension?
“When you hear of wars and tumults, do not be terrified, for these things
must first take place.” Jesus is
telling His disciples, “Don’t think that after My resurrection and ascension
that there are going to be no more trials.
In fact, you are going to live in times of trials and wars and
persecutions and you’re going to be hated by all for My sake.”
The admonition is this — don’t be deceived.
There are going to be false messiahs, there are going to be trials, and
the end is not going to come immediately.
What is Jesus doing but setting the expectation of His disciples.

You know, this week as the worship service for the morning services was being
put together and I saw the hymns, “It Is Well With My Soul,” and then in just a
few moments we’re going to be able to sing, “Whate’er My God Ordains Is Right,”
I thought, “You know, those will be good hymns for people who are undergoing
trials in our congregation to be able to sing together on Sunday morning.
There are some of us who need to sing those hymns.

Well Jesus is preparing us for exactly those kinds of trials here.
He’s saying, “Don’t think that the
kingdom that I am bringing is going to be without trials.
There are going to be trials and tribulations and wars and tumults and
persecutions. That is not an
evidence that I am not ruling at the right hand of God the Father Almighty; it’s
an evidence that My words are true because I’m not inviting you to a party, I’m
inviting you to a war.” This
Christian life that we are called to is a fight; it’s a fight to the death.
And Jesus is giving us this admonition — “Don’t be deceived and don’t be
discouraged when the end isn’t quick and when there are many trials and when
there are many others claiming to be the true Messiah.
Be discerning. Hold fast.
Endure the trials. This is exactly
the way I said it would be.”

An Exhortation to be Prepared

And then there’s an exhortation. And
you see that exhortation especially in verse 13, don’t you?
“This will be your opportunity to bear witness — when they lay hands on
you and persecute you and deliver you to the synagogues and prisons and you’re
brought before kings and governors for My sake, this will be your opportunity to
bear witness.” And He goes on to
say, of course, verse 17 — “You will be hated by all for My name’s sake.”
And His exhortation is simply this — we must be prepared to bear scorn
for Jesus Christ. And that will be
increasingly the case in our culture because it is increasingly in opposition to
God, it’s increasingly in opposition to the Scriptures, it’s increasingly in
opposition to Christian truth.

And young people especially, you will see this in two specific areas.
One is in the area of the truth of Christianity.
If you believe in the truth of Christianity, you will have contemporaries
in business and in education and in social life who will say to you, “How can
you be so arrogant as to believe that Christianity is true and that other
religions and other beliefs are not?
That’s arrogant, it’s narrow, it’s bigoted and it’s dangerous!”
If you believe that God’s Word is true, if you believe that Christ is
absolute, if you believe that He is the only Savior, you will be met with
dumbfounded stares of absolute incomprehension that such a troglodyte still
exists in this world. People will
say, “If you believe that, you’re dangerous to other people because you will be
intolerant and you will do things that are hurtful and not in their best
interest to them.” And so if you are
a Christian in this world today, you must be prepared for people, simply because
you believe that this is true, to fear you as a danger to themselves and to

Secondly, in the area of morality, if you believe that what the Bible says about
how we live is the way that we ought to live, there will be people who say, “How
in the world can you possibly believe that other people ought to have to live
according to your religion? Who made
you in charge of the rest of us? How
can you possibly impose your morality on the rest of us?”
In both of these cases, it will be okay with your contemporaries if you
privately believe these things to be true as long as you do not expect anybody
else to believe them to be true or anybody else to live and practice that way.
And this kind of a confrontation is going to raise an issue for you in
your very testimony to Jesus Christ.
You are going to have an opportunity to count the costs.
And that’s a good thing, that’s a good thing because for a long time in
our culture we have thought that our culture was Christianized enough that we
didn’t think that we had to take a choice or make a choice between Christ and
our culture. That is going to be
increasingly impossible to hold together.
You’re going to have to answer the call of the song, “Who Is On The
Lord’s Side?” Are you on the Lord’s
side, or not? And that’s a good
thing. But what Jesus says in this
passage is, “You’d better count the costs now.
You’d better be prepared now.”
He says, “You don’t have to come up with your speech.”
He says, “I’ll help you with the wisdom to have the right words when the
time comes, but you do have to be ready to take the stand.
Where do you stand?”

Now by the way, before you can give witness to Jesus Christ, you have to believe
in Jesus Christ. You have to trust
in Him as He is offered in the Gospel. You can’t bear witness to Christ like
Jesus is talking about here unless you are a child of the living God through the
forgiveness that comes through Jesus Christ.
So the first part of being a witness is embracing the Gospel, trusting in
Christ as your Savior, but then determining that He is your Lord and Master and
you will go the way of His truth and the way that He teaches for life.
There’s the exhortation — that we must be prepared to bear scorn for
Christ’s sake.


But there’s also encouragement in this passage and you’ll see it if you look
especially in verse 18. “Not a hair
of your head will perish. Even
though you’re hated by all for the sake of My name, not a hair of your head will
perish.” Now this cannot mean that
Christians will not suffer personal losses, physical torment, and even death.
Think of it. The very first
Christian witness recorded in the book of Acts by Luke, the author of this book,
a man named Stephen who bore public witness in the face of his contemporaries
was stoned to death, but Jesus’ words are still true.
Jesus does not mean that bearing witness to Him will mean that you will
not lose your reputation, that you will not lose your vocation, that you will
not lose your family, that you will not be exiled from your people, that you
will not endure physical persecution, or even ultimate martyrdom.
Jesus’ words here do not guarantee us that we will be spared of any kind
of suffering and persecution and death in this life, but it is a promise that
all those who are in union with Him can never be taken from His hand.
The one thing the world cannot take from you is your God.

And you know I have to wonder if the apostle Paul, as he was writing Romans
8:31-39, didn’t have Jesus’ words here in mind — that “neither death nor life,
nor angels nor principalities, nor nakedness or persecution or peril or sword
can separate us from the love of God which is in Jesus Christ.”
And that’s what Jesus is saying here.
“No one can take you from Me.
Not one hair of your head will perish.
You will live with Me forever.
They may take everything from you, including your life, but they can’t
take Me from you, and if you have Me, you have life eternal.”
There’s an incredible encouragement in this passage, that no matter what
kind of stand that we have to take for Christ as we bear witness for Him, Jesus
will reward us a hundred fold in this life and in the life to come and not one
hair of our head will perish. That’s
what set for us in this passage as Jesus speaks about what is to come.
His concern is about how we live today.
What timely words for us in a culture increasingly opposed to His Word
and to His rule.

Let’s pray.

Heavenly Father, make us faithful witnesses to Jesus Christ in our time and
culture. Make us to be gracious but
strong in the way that we hold fast to the Savior and say to the world, “He is
my Savior. He has never forsaken me;
I will not forsake Him.” And use
this witness we pray, for the sake of the Gospel, for the sake of the wellbeing
of the nations, but most of all for Your own glory.
We ask it in Jesus’ name.

Now let’s encourage one another as we sing and give praise to God with number
108 as we think about how God preserves us even in our trials.

Christian, in sorrow, death, or need, God’s promise to you is grace, mercy, and
peace to you in Christ Jesus. Amen.

© 2019 First Presbyterian Church.

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